A government brings happiness to masses by Good governance(GG). Being a part of Government, I wish to make people happy by GG. Its all free without any favor. Feel happy if able to contribute in enhancing the social, political,and economic growth of anyone in anyway.
If u can't be a pencil to write anyone's happines, then try atleast to be a nice rubber to erase someone's sorrows. A leader is One who knows the way, Goes to way, And Shows the way.
Director General of Civil Defence (DGCD) was established in the Ministry
of Home Affairs in 1962 in Government of India to handle Civil Defence and its
running partners Home Guards (HG) and Fire service. It deals in HG policy and planning in respect
of role, target, raising, training, equipment, establishment and financial
HG is a voluntary force and
works on the motto of national social service. It is raised in
December,1946 to assist the police in controlling civil disturbance and
communal riots. The role of HG is to
serve as an auxiliary to the police in maintenance of internal security, help
the community in any kind of emergency such as an air-raid, fire, cyclone,
earthquake, epidemic etc.
HG are of two type-rural and urban. Total strength
of Home Guards in the county is
5,37,793. Against this, the raised strength is 4,86,401. This organisation
is spread in all states and Union
Territories expect in Kerala. Eighteen Border Wing Home Guards Battalions are
raised in the border states. It serves as an auxiliary to Border Security Force
for preventing infiltration on the international borders/coastal areas etc.
Home Guards are raised under the Home Guards Acts
and rules of the states and Union Territories. Normal tenure of membership is 3 to 5 years. Amenities and facilities given to HG include
free uniform and washing allowance, free boarding and lodging during training,
cash awards and medals for gallantry, distinguished and meritorious services.
A HG whenever called out for duty and training is
paid allowance for pocket expenses on per day basis. HG are
trained in police to make them
learn deferent duties of police. In the
event of national emergency, some
portion of Civil Defence work is also entrusted to the HG.
The Ministry of
Home Affairs formulate the policy in respect of role, target, raising,
training, equipping, establishment and other
important matters of HG
organisations. Expenditure on HG is
shared by Centre and State Governments as per existing financial policy.
The government of
Uttar Pradesh has a Home Guard
Ministry headed by a Hon'ble cabinet minister. The HG
department is headed by a principal secretary. This department has
only one section. To assist and carry on the work of the department, special,
joint, deputy, under secretaries are posted. Section is headed by a section
officer and assisted by UDA.
HG directorate works under the command of a
Commandant General HG and its head office is located at Lucknow. Many senior officers are posted from Indian
Police services and Commandant Home
Guards cadre. For administrative control whole state is divided into two part - east and west.
Each part is headed by a senior officer with headquarters at Allahabad and Agra
A divisional commandant
HG is posted in each divisional headquarters. He looks after the affairs of all
district commandants under his jurisdiction.
A district commandant HG heads the district level working of the
department. Three district have the City Commandant- Lucknow, Agra, Varanasi.
Home Guards are trained in routine to maintain their working efficiency and
capacity in order to have desired performance. A State level training centre is established
in Lucknow. For district manpower
training, eleven district training centres are in working at divisional
HG office is in all districts. Fifty eight district
commandants are leading the district level activities. U P has
1,17,009 home guards which includes 10,000 rifle trained and 3417 females.
Government of India bears 25% of expenditure of mutually approved strength and financial budget.
Lal (Views are personal and based on different sources)
Our PM does social bussiness without any Investment. Such social activities are management oriented and it is a sequence of activities of departments. He is empowering public by making them aware by different progams. In such programs, he is making voters aware by giving knowledge about different projects and programs run by different ministries. PM believes Knowledge is Power. So far he did three activities. First was Jan Dhan Yajna. Second was Swach Bharat Abhiyan. And third is MP Adarsh Yajana. By such steps, GoI keeps public connected and engaged and gives a feeling to general massess that government is active and working for them. It is empowering public at least by knowledge and association. In a seris our PM Launched Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana. This Yojana is not about money, it is driven & guided by people's participation. This is a scheme that will open the door for good politics.We are committed to the overall development of our villages. The aspirations of the people on our villages are no less than the aspiration of those who stay in cities. The need of the hour is to modify our attempts towards rural development with the changing times, in sync with global changes.
The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana will work through the leadership of MPs. MPs will select a village to develop on a demand-driven, rather than a supply-driven model, with people`s participation. It offers a flexible approach towards Rural Development and will bring a qualitative difference in the villages across India
Political Marketing: PM
Modi After Election- An Analysis
Prime Minister of India is on American tour. His tour is getting more light
than expected. There are many reasons for it. But three of them are more
prominent. One is his visa denial on a controversial issue for decade which is
an imprint on Americans' mind. Two is NRIs' hope in PM Modi's style of working.
Three is making an all out effort to re-establish and rebuild confidence of business class worldwide.
won majority beyond expectation. He got majority due to young voters' siding
with him. Modi is an advance planner and implementer to get desired results.
For 2014 election, he started campaign more than two years ago on a well chalked out
plan. He was highly successful in his experiment. Now, he is focussing how to
repeat in next election of 2019. He has given hints to this effect at different
points of time in public meetings and discussions.
be successful in his next mission, he has an outline what to do. And
accordingly, he is moving and taking steps. He knows, it is the young voters who will
again play a significant role. So, he
needs to keep their affiliations with him. Underemployment and unemployment are twin issues to control them.
Job creation for them is the key to keep their mandate.
Modi is trying an all out effort to create opportunities for young voters. To
achieve this, he first set his house in order. He gave a clear and loud message
to his government officials and party workers- Perform or Go. He is heading
government and in full command. This is half. To make it full, he needs command
of the party too. To get command of the party, he is successfully and smoothly
got elected his close confidant Amit
Shah, as the President of his party BJP.
his party and government, all are very clear about his intentions. PM modi has marketed well his intentions.
There is no chance of any confusion. After settings his house in order, he
stated touring to regain and rebuild
faith in India for bilateral businesses. In last five years, an atmosphere of policy paralysis and inaction prevailed. These
reduced the faith of business class in India worldwide. This hit hard job
creation. Hence, the youth did not get livelihood, that is in the form of job, work
or any business.
foreign tours, PM Modi is trying to re-establish the lost confidence of
business class. He is trying to clarify all the confusions in their mind. In
this effort, over a power-packed breakfast meeting with captains of eleven large
American Corporations, he wooed them for big -ticket investments to develop
India's infrastructure and create more jobs and enhance the quality of life.
(2014) followed Obama's(2008) style of campaign. Obama did experiment with
internet and social media. Likewise, Modi experimented 3D technology and social
media. Following campaign footsteps of Obama, Modi got landslide victory like
him. Obama repeated in 2012 for his second term of presidency. Repeated result
was more than expectation.
Just after 2008 result, Obama focussed on 2012
election with a well chalked-out plan to repeat. He started working on it from
the very start of his first term. As a result, he re-elected with good margin.
Similarly, Modi is working on a plan which will provide him another term of PMship.
He, already has started efforts to continue as PM for at least two terms
following obama's trails.
What big aim as politician Modi
should have except repetition of PMship. He is a world class political marketeer.
Hence, he is marketing to sustain in office at least for ten years by good
governance. There is nothing wrong in it from political angle as it is not
harming anyone in anyway.
Heera Lal ( views are own and based on different referances)
district administration of Uttar Pradesh basically looms around two main pillars. One is law and order and
the other is development. The first one is controlled by District Magistrate(DM)
with the help of Sub-Divisional Magistrates(SDM) and Police. The development is
headed by a Chief Development Officer (CDO). The CDO accomplishes his task with
a team of Block Development Officers and district level officials of different
maintenance of law and order is the utmost and top priority. It is followed by
developmental work for the district admin head. DM keeps his team vigilant for
24x7. He accomplishes this
responsibility with the help of his SDMs and Police. He is commander-in -chief
for law and order. He can avail and acquire any or all the services of public
and private to keep law and order intact.
task of a CDO is to see all round progress and development of the district in
rural areas. Urban Development is controlled by local urban bodies. Each body
is headed by an elected Mayor or Chairman. Broadly, we can divide various different
departments of rural development into different sectors. Social and
Agricultural sectors are core sectors of rural development. Educational and Medical
sectors are equally important. Infrastructural sector acts as back-up.
sector has many district level officials. One, district social welfare officer;
two, district minority welofficer; three, district backward welfare officer;
four, ADDO(SK);five, district handicapped welfare officer.All of them provide
scholarships, pensions and financial assistance in the form of subsidy and loan
to their respective categories. The poorest of the poor is to be covered as
beneficiaries. Benefits directly reaches
into the bank accounts of beneficiaries. Leakages in routes are minimum now.
sector has many officials in the district. A deputy director heads this sector. He is supported by many
officials. One, district agriculture officer; two, plant protection officer;
three, social conservation officers. The Government of India (GoI) runs many
agricultural programs and projects with the help of state officials. It is the
backbone of our national economy. It provides livelihood to two-third of our
population. Hence, it requires utmost care and attention.
sector is supported by its allied departments. Animal husbandry, horticulture
and fisheries are main departments. These are headed by Chief Veterinary Officer(CVO),
District Horticulture Officer(DHO) and Assistant Director(AD) fisheries
respectively. Dairy development, poultry and fish farming along with
horticulture mission are flagship schemes of state and GoI to raise the income
level of farmers. Agriculture is taking shape of agribusiness.
sector is basically divided into three parts. The first is primary education,
headed by the Basic Shiksha Adhikari(BSA).The second is middle education,
controlled by District Inspector of Schools (DIOS). And the third is higher education,
headed by Regional Higher Education officer posted at divisional level.
sector consists of four departments. The chief medical officer(CMO) heads the Allopathy. Homeopathy , Ayurveda and Unani are other
departments headed by different officials. CMO is in limelight and rest are in
its shadow. Health issue is an important aspect. Different health programs and projects are in
place to keep our poor and needy public healthy.
infrastructural sector Public Works Department(PWD) and Irrigation department are
lead by the irresprctive executive engineers. Electricity department is headed
by superintending engineer. PWD deals in mainly construction of roads. While
irrigation department is involved in making irrigating canals. Project officer
NEDA is popularising renewable energy. Solar energy products are getting popularity.
are other departments. Assistant registrar cooperative is entrusted with
co-operative societies. These societies supply agricultural finances,
fertilisers and seeds at right time with credit facilities. Assistant Llabour Commissioner(ALC)
and General Manager, district industrial centre are important officials.
I joined as Chief
Development Officer at Ballia on the 1st April, 2013 after 23 days of my
transfer. For the first time, this multidimensional and multifarious
responsibility put a big challenge before me. Having no experience of this
position, I brought myself in learning mode to know the CDO. After discussing
with officials, I reached to conclusion that they are either not known or
little known about their departmental programs.
do not get copies of government orders(GO) to know programs' details for proper
and timebound implementation. Planning and monitoring of programs and projects
are rarely found. Officials lack enthusiasm and motivation. Problem solving and
helping attitude of district level officers are seldomly seen. Evaluation of
program and projects efficiency and qualities are not visible in field.
Accountability-fixing of officials are not in place. Departmental heads and
assistants avoid to bring the things in the notice of CDO. This prevailing
attitude is highly dangerous for the programs and projects.
an overall dismal situation, I evolved a three-step-system for officials-
Educate, Motivate and Monitor(EMM). To get delivery in ground, I started
working on EMM. This gave me results. Hard work and leaning mode are two key
elements which put each and every officials on move. These initiative made me a real CDO rather than a passive and paper
directed all departments to provide all GOs to all workers to study. I
monitored so all got the copies of GOs. Then, I tried to force them to learn
these GOs. I made it compulsory for every officials to maintain a file of GOs
and read it time and again. This way I educated all officials about their
projects and programs. This step enriches officials with knowledge about what
to do, how to do, why to do and when to do. This enhances the confidence-level
of employees and aroused an interest in them about their duties and responbilities.
To motivate officials, as first step, I took
employees' service matters. In a drive, I got completed all personal records of
officials. Sorted out their service- matter problems within a week. This sent a
good signal among them. As second step, I started meetings of all officials to
discuss the details of projects and programs. In this meeting, I motivated and
convinced them to work responsibly. Always told them that your problems are
mine. Take all credits earned and transfer all discredits to me. This greatly
inspired the officials. After two meetings of each department, their
motivational level went up and as a result the performance improved.
education and motivation, I did rigorous monitoring. In this progress monitoring,
removing obstacles was my main task. This facilitated and encouraged workers.
On an average, one field visit everyday and issuance of visit notes jolted all
district officials. Visits remained sudden and undisclosed. This made officials
on high alert, round the clock.
Jolting and scolding without any punishment were
my main tool to keep them energised for work. Initially, I took six meetings
every day with an average time of one hour for each meeting of each
departments. This forced me to do hard work. Every meeting and field visit were
covered as news items by local daily papers. This made public known about
projects and programs. This helped in making good image of governments and
good media management to propagate projects and programs helped a lot in
associating public with it. Every day visit notes and meeting minutes along
with photographs are mailed to a group mail of journalists in the district.
This helped in wide coverage of developmental activities, innovations and
initiatives. Kept posting these on my social media accounts. Facebook, twitter,
G+ and linkedin are four sites which got regular inputs as post. I entrusted a
contract employee for this task. This improved the image of district
administration in the public eye.
My experiences say a CDO must work 8 am
to 8 pm as I did. If not, desired results would have not come in picture. The team
building of good officials is another mile stone of success. Giving credit to
officials for their good work is essential for delivery in ground. Making all officials
a continuous learner is hard task far a CDO. A strong message always prevailed
that CDO can come anywhere at anytime. Easy accessibility of CDO for officials
and public was a norm. EMM is a
successful experiment in my one and half year of CDOship in Ballia and
Firozabad. Job satisfaction and bringing smile on the face of poor public are my
main achievements as CDO.
Heera Lal (views are personal and based on different
I agree partially. Deleting control means inviting and giving free hand to profit maximisation attitude of the companies. This will lead to more harm than good to public. Real estate and other activities are good example to prove the point. Builders never give delivery in time promised. They made measurement fraud and low qulaity construction. In absense of effective control dwellers are suffering.
Likewise, it is good to reudce the discretion of personality drivend decesions. But deleting it not advisable in our Indian conditions where consumers are little aware about it and have very low capacity to achive it by leagal remedies. Removing control will lead to anarchy. Then animal herd will not know where to go how to go when to go why to go and confusion will be created. Hence Make-In- India needs promotion and attention. Its nice that our Prime Mininster is giving due importance to it. Ratio of manufacturing and trading is a comlex issue. Both live together in equlibrium is must for healthy and prosperous economy.
Online dispute redressal is a new concept in India. As social service and free of cost, anyone can use it. Please reach the site to know its detail and cateh me to avail the services. Making You Happy is a catchy name to invite the people. Couselling makes everyone aware which leads to precaution and prevention.Prevention is better than cure.
2014 election result remodelled Indian democracy. It fetched a landslide victory to Bhartiya Janta Party(BJP). Additionallly, it changed the shape and set-up of India's well-established democracy. One, it strengthened the institution of Indian democracy more than BJP, which is yet to be noticed by our voters. Two, it transformed our age-old democracy into a two-party system from single-party system in practice. Though, India has multi-party-system. Still, this peculiarity is invisible, under the cover of magnetic flux of Charismatic Modi.
Indian representative democracy is based on a multi-party-system in theory. This looks good on paper but not in reality. There are four types of contesters in any election, namely national party, regional party, registered party and independents. In national elections the effective players are national parties as compared to three others.
To be a national party, a political party requires to secure at least six per cent of the total votes polled in any four or more states and win four seats from any state or states in Lok Sabha. Another criterion for a national party is that it must secure a minimum two per cent seats(11) of total (543) Lok Sabha seats. These eleven members must be elected from at least three different states. Based on these criteria parties like BSP, CPI(M) having influence in a few states, are national parties.
Like many national parties, BSP has a strong hold in UP. It could not taste power anywhere except UP. But, it enjoys national party stature. Technically it fulfils the criteria. Theoretically, it appears appealing. But practically, it does not discharge the duties of a national party in true sense like putting candidates across the country to make elections tougher, better and more representative. Similar conditions are with many other national parties.
After independence, our country has predominantly single-party-system in practice till 2014.The Congress was exclusively single party which put candidates in most of the states across the country. For the first time, BJP behaved like Congress in putting candidates. AAP tried the same without national tag but failed miserably. None other party put candidates on national scale in true spirit of being a national party.
In fact, if we focus on ground reality, we find two-party-system in our democracy in practice. Before 2014 election, it was predominantly single-party system with Congress in sight practically. Even though, we have multi-party system in theory. Two and multi party systems have their inherent merits and demerits. Single-party system is also in practice. America has two-party system while China has single-party system.
We select genius through competitions and try to elect genuine and reasonable candidates in elections. Tough and multi-cornered competitions with national players provide a better opportunity to select more meritorious candidates. In Indian elections, all the four types of candidates testify their genuineness to be selected as MPs. It would be better and healthier for the democratic system that if in national elections, most of the candidates are from national parties rather than regional and independents.
Generally, independents dominate the list of candidates. National parties' candidates are few in numbers and most of them are from name-sake national parties. Such parties qualify technically and theoretically, but don't exist across the country and have influence only in few states. Ideal situation is that in national elections maximum candidates be from national parties- excluding name-sake national parties. But ground reality is opposite. Hence, contest in election is skewed and not as healthy as expected.
In such situation, we are not electing our representatives as our constitution dreams and desires. In national elections to parliament, a national player is fighting either with name-sake national candidates, regional players or independents. This does not provide healthy and sound contest for making our democracy stronger.
In national game, national player should be in majority and it should be among themselves. But ground reality is opposite in our national electoral games. Contests are among a real national, name-sake national, regional and independent. This makes whole election process skewed and against the spirit as envisaged in our constitution. This does not seem healthy practice and conducive for our democracy.
There are many name-sake national parties. They put candidates in a few selected states of their regional influence. It is the Congress only that contests in whole country barring a few seats. To put a tough and neck-to-neck competition against Congress, the BJP for the first time contested in true sense on national scale to prove itself to be a true national party in practice rather than in theory. It came with flying colours too.
The 2014 election transformed our multi- party system into two- party system in reality. Now, Congress and BJP are two national parties in true sense and practice. Before this election, Congress was the only national party in practice on ground.
BJP gave tough fight to Congress and decimated it. Congress could not even get sufficient MPs to become recognised opposition party as per our constitutional norms in the Lok Sabha. In earlier elections, giant Cong contested with name-sake national, weak regional and independents. As a result, Congress ruled India for most of the time. It was possible because Cong did not get tough competition from real national players- as they were on paper and not on ground. As a single strong national player, Cong easily defeated name-sake nationals, regionals, and independents.
In the absence of true national parties on ground across the country, India witnessed single-party system in true sense till 2014-Cong only. The dream and wish of our constitution is that our multi-party contest for healthy election and genuine representative pick, buy it could not take shape in reality and practice. Though, multi-party system is very much on paper and theoretically it sounds very attractive and appealing.
Modi played a triple role in 2014 election. Hence, he is three-In-One. Rest of them not performed even role of One-In-One. But, we are under-crediting Modi with only 33% on ground for bringing landslide victory to BJP. Rest of two roles are neither in discussion nor visible.
First, Modi championed in elevating BJP as true national party on ground and in providing majority to it. Additionally, he decorated his cap with two more feathers. Second, he strengthened democracy by strategically pushing our election to a tougher and sound competition on national scale. Third, he helped in transforming a single-party system into a two-party system in true sense and reality. Albeit, we talked of multi-party, which is more on paper than ground.
Modi created history in 2014 election. He served the nation by changing and remodelling Indian democratic set-up. After election,the way he is trying to set rolling his government is another indication of remodelling with a focus to fullfil electoral promises made and expectations raised. Now, Modi proved himself a champion for changing the long routine pattern into a new democratic style. After election, Modi is making an all out effort to run an accuntable and efficient government. He has put some restrictions and given guidelines for his ministers, MPs and party position holders. None can employ relatives as private secretaries to avoid easy corruption link and blame. Another astonishing effort, outspoken Modi is in mute mode- Mr Chupendra Modi. Electon result and Modi's new style of governance have created a big challenge and vaccum for other regional and national parties. They are pondering, how to start and do politics in order to adjust into new remodelled situation. Modi has occupied political space. To snatch some space, all other parties need to draw a big line as they are not in a postion to erase. This appears a remote chance in near future. It will take time for others to imbibe and reorinend themselves in new political situations.