The fate of
Permanent bureaucracy gets opportunities time to time to learn tactics, techniques and acquire knowledge on how to face new challenges from the highly competitive environment which are from inside as well outside the country and how to succeed. Training required to handle different situations are given at different levels of the service span. Though, in my opinion, they are not adequate but still such a system is in place. These opportunities provide chances to the bureaucracy to imbibe the best practices of public policy and public administration which are prevailing and are in practice worldwide and are delivering results. This helps them to reorient to meet new demands from their changed role from administrator to manager. Their exposure-inside and outside the country by means of training and different such activities - make them understand the actual reality of our backwardness in different fields in world economic and development race. These realizations compel them to act to remain competitive and provide energy and support to reorient them to face the emerging challenges. There in need to make it more comprehensive but satisfaction can be derived to a certain extent from the fact that something is better than nothing.
This is the story of one side of the coin.
But what about the other side of the coin, are there any systems in place to equip and prepare our politicians to reorient themselves to face new challenges faced by them by different factors like bureaucracy? As I see, there is no such system. Can we win the battle of developed country without such a system? A natural answer will be no and it is the truth. Now politics is leaving its old and traditional style and is adopting and using new methods e.g. use of SMS, Internet, websites, new printing mediums etc in order not to lag behind in the new competitive environment. As we are aware, the use of internet is penetrating every aspect of life including politics. President Obama’s election is a good example and the best lesson to learn for the political parties all over the world. He did a new successful experiment and it is an example to others in this field to emulate.
In my opinion, blaming our politicians- as we usually do- for bad governance, slow economic growth, high unemployment, non development of infrastructure, high corruption level, poverty, lack of basic amenities etc. without offering them any opportunity of learning and reorienting is a great injustice to them. To prove my point, I would give the example of our Prime Minister Dr Singh and his trusted lieutenant Mr Ahluwalia . They had the opportunity to upgrade their skills through relevant educations, international exposure and this is proved in their performance. There is no serious thinking under consideration to provide political leaders managerial inputs to tackle the challenges of a new seamless world. The required exposure, a few have that are their personal and family’s efforts. There is no system in place to improve the political managerial (How to run the government and party efficiently to make the country number one in the world) quality of future architects of our nation. Almost all national and regional registered parties (registered with Election Commission of India) make an all out effort to win elections to various tiers of our governance structure. But nothing is done after they are elected to enhance their capability to perform and manage better. Winning election is only the trailer of the picture. It means our picture is not going to a success, a hit. To make it a hit picture, we have to think and start something new and innovative. To equip our leaders to face new challenges and to have better coordination with bureaucracy and public and other stakeholders they need exposure of the best practices of the world in the field of party, public and economic management. To achieve this, I am suggesting a new and innovative program for the politicians of my country. Since, it is new and innovative a reputed international organization has to take the lead. I would suggest that UNDP India own this responsibility. There are great possibilities that after some time of the initiative it may be made an integral part of the activities of the political parties. A rule can be framed on this latter on. Initially to set this agenda in motion we have to take the pain.
A brief outline of my new and innovative idea which is in my thought process is as under:
It is basically capacity development approach in a new field in a systematic way.
Program: Preparing young and future Indian leaders for the 21st century’s challenges through building their capacity by providing them opportunity to learn the best national and international practices about party, economic and public management.
Partners: UNDP, Government of India(GoI), Election Commission of India(ECI), Institutions active in this filed, NGO working for good governance, all national and regional parties registered with ECI and national and international donor agencies.
Duration of training: Two months, one month in
Subject of training: (Changeable) Very broadly it can be divided into two categories:
Making ready for party and election management (When on holding any mandated authority)
- How to manage political parties efficiently. What are and were the best practices and examples is this regards e.g use of internet by Mr. Obama. Lectures of past and present heads of nations and successful political performers in the field of politics and its management should be an integral part of the program.
- How to manage elections. How coordinate with election process and associated officials. How to prevent entry and remove bad practices form the election and election. E.g. how to check malpractices in the election, how to enhance poll percentage, how to act to help in electoral rolls preparation, how to reduce election expenditure, how to prevent entry of bad characters in politics and how to promote good persons to join the etc. In this are best national and transnational best practices should be part of the program.
- How to serve and meet the expectations of the general public and voters with limited time and resources. How to use new invented technological tools to be more successful.
- Who are and were 20 best leaders in the world at each level of management. Their study will sharpen the acumen and the best practice of one will be the tool for others.
Making ready for the role of Government actors (MP, MLA, Minister, Mayer,--- Village head man)
1. The main focus in the role is how to make a balance among government, public, bureaucracy, party etc. It is a multidimensional task and really challenging.
2. Policy formulation, reform and its efficient and successful implementation. How to make and implement pubic policy (demand driven policy and supply driven policy): theory and practices with case studies.
3. Which are the 20 best economically performing countries in the world. Why they are performing well? What are main factors of their performance? Which leader did what, how and why and when (time of policy implementation and reform plays a major role)? It will be better if leaders’ interactive sessions are organized to make the program more effective useful and fruitful.
4. Who are and were 20 best leaders in the world who perform superb at each level of government in government official capacity. Their study will sharpen the acumen and the best practice of one will be the rule for others without experimentation.
Participants: To begin with, young leaders up to the age of 45 years should be get the chance to learn. It can be later extended to include older leaders. Every national and regional party has youth wings. In each training batch parties will nominate their young leaders up to the age of 45 years. The number will be fixed according to resources and strength of the batch with national party’s nomination more than regional one in each batch.
Financing: Whole expense on each participant can be shared: contribution by the parties (5% - token amount to make them serious towards the program and awareness generation), contribution of central government (30%) and state governments (15%) and 50% donations from donors and NGOs in the leadership of UNDP.
Key actor, Co coordinator, owner of the program: The election commission of
Implementation strategy: There are institute doing research and imparting training in good governance. With the collaboration we can get tailor the program according to our need.
- It is a form of the best effective political reform.
- If such systemization is practiced in politics in a professional manner it will attract the educated youth to join politics which is not he trend now.
- It may change the trend in reverse direction. Then choosing politics would be by design and not by default. As a result the problem of criminalization of politics will be addressed to some extent.
- It may prove a boon to Indian politics as it aims at professionalizing the political management. It will reduce the economic wastes of money during the elections and in other activities.
- It will bring good competitions among the politicians which may lead to over all enhancement of efficiency.
- It will reduce the usual friction and conflict used to develop between political actors and bureaucracy.
- It will be a model and can be implemented in other countries with similar situations.
- It will be increasing the constituency of UNDP and enhancing the number of its supporters.